Coopérative - formes alternatives d’actions entrepreneuriales
 Lublin, Poland

 

LE CONTEXTE DE VOTRE ACTION

La communauté Emmaüs-Lublin (Pologne), depuis son ouverture en 1995, poursuit les actions traditionnelles de ramassage et vente d’objets utilisés, mais depuis plusieurs années cherche de nouvelles ressources financières.
La situation économique polonaise fait que les articles sont de qualité et quantité médiocres. De ce fait, nous sommes d’une certaine façon dépendants d’aides de groupes Emmaüs d’autres pays d’Europe de l’Ouest.
Développer de nouvelles formes de financement, c’est donner plus de chance d’autonomie à notre groupe et diversifier nos ressources financières. En plus, nous offrons à nos compagnons la possibilité d’apprentissage et de pratique dans les métiers manuels selon leur intérêt et leurs capacités. Grâce à cela, certains d’entre eux peuvent trouver du travail et arriver à une vie personnelle autonome.

Dans ce but, une Coopérative a été créée, dont la plupart des membres sont des compagnons. Cette Coopérative travaille dans le domaine du mobilier urbain et de la gastronomie.

LES ACTIVITÉS MENÉES DANS LE CADRE DE VOTRE ACTION

Dans les années 2000-2010, période de préparation, d’expérimentation et de création des ateliers, nous recherchions la possibilité de conduire d‘autres formes de développement. Nous avons créé des ateliers d’artisanat comme la menuiserie, la ferronnerie-soudure, la vulcanisation de caoutchouc, la tapisserie, la réparation de vélos, le moulage de béton. Nous avons dû fermer certains de ces ateliers.

En 2010, nous avons créé une Coopérative Sociale, dont la plupart des membres sont des compagnons. Le but de la Coopérative consiste à mener des actions entrepreneuriales dans la production et le service.

Depuis 2010, nous diversifions notre production : nous fabriquons du mobilier urbain comme des bancs dans les parcs, des tables en béton, des tabourets, des poubelles, des panneaux d’information, des abris de bus et autres.

En 2016, nous avons ouvert un petit restaurant où nous faisons des pizzas italiennes et des kebabs turcs ; nous proposons des salades, boissons et autres.

QUI S'IMPLIQUE DANS VOTRE GROUPE ?

. 12 compagnons dont 8 embauchés à mi-temps et 4 en stage ;
. 4 collaborateurs externes à la pizzeria
. 3 personnes responsables de la gestion, à temps partiel

Les informations ci-dessus s’appliquent uniquement à la coopérative sociale. L’entité juridique de base, responsable de la gestion de la communauté, du ramassage et de la vente des objets d’occasion, c’est l’association Emmaüs Lublin, avec un personnel distinct.

AVEC QUELS PARTENAIRES PORTEZ-VOUS CETTE ACTION ?

Le projet de la création d'une coopérative est un projet commun de l'Association Emmaüs Lublin et de la Fondation Między Nami (Parmi Nous). L'association est responsable de la communauté, du ramassage et de la vente d'objets usagés. La fondation fournit aux compagnons un soutien spécialisé (social, thérapeutique, psychologique et psychiatrique).

Nous collaborons avec Pôle Emploi et aussi d’autres organisations non gouvernementales qui s’occupent de la réinsertion professionnelle des personnes exclues.
Nous collaborons aussi avec des entreprises commerciales pour la livraison de matériel, de commandes de services plus spécialisés (par exemple la découpe numérique, la galvanisation, etc…).
Un cuisinier italien connu en Pologne nous a aidés à l’ouverture du restaurant et continue à nous soutenir jusqu’à aujourd’hui ; pour la cuisine turque, un autre cuisinier nous a aidés.
Nos clients sont des associations locales, des centres d’hébergement, des entreprises commerciales et des particuliers.

Les étapes d’ouverture du restaurant :

. Mai 2015 - l’idée et la discussion dans différents groupes : analyse de faisabilité (financière, humaine, rentabilité de l’investissement, etc…). En juillet, réunion générale avec les compagnons, le conseil d’administration, les salariés - le vote secret de tous. Résultat : malgré l’appréhension, 100% des voix pour !
. La location du local, la réalisation des documents techniques, technologiques, sanitaires, etc… ; dans le but d’avoir tous les accords nécessaires (énormément !)
. Le regroupement des moyens financiers :
Autofinancement (environ 10 000 EUR)
Emprunts : nous avons souscrit 2 contrats - nous avons reçu environ 8 000 EUR pour l’achat des équipements, mais en retour nous avons promis d’embaucher 2 personnes pour au moins 2 ans.
. Adaptation du local - la réalisation de tous les travaux du bâtiment par nos compagnons.
. L’équipement du local : matériel et accessoires de cuisine et mobilier pour la salle de restaurant.
Nous avons réalisé nous-mêmes (c’est-à-dire nos compagnons) le mobilier et beaucoup d’autres objets.
. La formation, la réalisation des cartes de menus, la recherche des fournisseurs, etc…
. Le projet et la réalisation de l’aménagement intérieur du restaurant (décoration, éclairage, exposition des objets artistiques des personnes en situation de handicap, publicité de notre projet associatif local et d’Emmaüs international, etc…)
. Elaboration des supports de publicité, promotion du projet dans les médias : dans les premiers mois il y a eu plusieurs reportages télévisés, dont deux à la télévision polonaise nationale ; plusieurs interviews à la radio et aussi des articles dans la presse.
. 12 mars 2016 - ouverture

La gagnante !

Le 13 mai 2020, nous avons acheté un bâtiment dans lequel une pizzeria a été créée. La décision a été prise en 2019, avant la pandémie. Nous avons emprunté environ 120 000 EUR d’un fonds spécial pour les entreprises sociales, presque sans intérêts, et nous avons pris environ 40 000 EUR sur nos ressources propres (revenus de la coopérative). Cependant, la pandémie est devenue source de stress en raison de la situation économique et sociale difficile.
A partir de l'automne 2020, la pizzeria ne fait que de la vente à emporter et nos revenus ne sont pas moindres qu'avant COVID! C'est vraiment une surprise!
En février, nous avons participé au concours de la meilleure pizza annoncé par notre principal fournisseur de produits - et nous avons gagné! Comme prix, nous avons reçu des articles utiles pour la gastronomie, y compris un sac à pizza chauffé.

Pendant l'hiver, nous avons fait des travaux pour adapter le jardin d'été dans la pizzeria afin de pouvoir y accueillir les clients quelques mois de plus dans l’année.

Information complémentaire importante : la partie résidentielle du bâtiment acheté, environ 180 m2, était destinée aux compagnons - 8 personnes vivent ici aujourd'hui, dans de très bonnes conditions.

Le prix

Depuis 2010, nous diversifions notre production : nous fabriquons du mobilier urbain comme des bancs dans les parcs, des tables en béton, des tabourets, des poubelles, des panneaux d’information, des abris de bus et autres.

PERSPECTIVES FUTURES

. Nous sommes conscients (de plus en plus) que notre projet est ambitieux, mais nous avons ouvert des perspectives de développement non seulement économiques, mais aussi sociales grâce à notre panel d’actions variées et rentables. Nous sommes devenus un acteur essentiel qui a une influence sur le développement de l’économie sociale dans notre région et même dans notre pays (par exemple, le 14 novembre 2016, nous avons reçu le 2ème prix du concours national 2016 de la meilleure entreprise d’économie sociale).
. En ce qui concerne nos recettes (commerciales), nous avons la possibilité de les augmenter et d’en obtenir davantage.
. Nous avons la chance que les associations avec lesquelles nous collaborons, qui sont aujourd’hui nos clients principaux, comprennent l’économie sociale et reconnaissent la qualité de nos produits.
. Le développement possible de la réalisation de notre mission et solidarité : développer une plus grande capacité d’aide aux personnes en situation de pauvreté et aux autres groupes pour qui la misère est un scandale et qui essaient que notre monde soit plus juste.

PARTAGEZ LES AVANCÉES ET LES SUCCÈS OBTENUS VIA VOTRE ACTION

. Nous avons réussi à créer une vraie entreprise commerciale, qui s’exerce exclusivement en s’appuyant sur l’activité entrepreneuriale.
Pour le moment, nous n’avons pas de bénéfice important, mais nous restons compétitifs.
. Nous avons créé un lieu de travail, qui permet aux compagnons de développer des qualifications et une pratique professionnelles, dans différents métiers (menuisier, soudeur, maçon, employé de restauration - et périodiquement aussi par exemple carreleur, peintre, travailleur de finition en bâtiment) ;
. Grâce à ces projets, nous pouvons réaliser par nous-même plusieurs travaux de bâtiment et de restauration dans nos locaux - cela nous permet de développer et améliorer les conditions de travail et la vie quotidienne, et aussi c’est important du point de vue du développement personnel des compagnons, qui ont le sentiment que leurs conditions de vie et de travail s’améliorent grâce à eux-mêmes.
. Nous nous sommes donné la possibilité de poursuivre le développement économique et social de notre communauté.

VOUS SOUHAITEZ AJOUTER UNE INFORMATION COMPLÉMENTAIRE SUR VOTRE ACTION ?

La réalisation de nos projets a suscité :
. L’élargissement et la dynamique des possibilités de collaboration avec des associations (secteur d’activités professionnelles et d’investissement local)
. Le démarrage de la collaboration avec les entreprises privées, la participation sur le marché du travail.
. La collaboration avec d’autres organisations non gouvernementales, qui ont une grande influence sur le développement de l’économie sociale en Pologne.

QUELS BESOINS AVEZ-VOUS IDENTIFIES POUR AMPLIFIER OU PERENNISER VOTRE ACTION ?

Nous avons surtout besoin d’une certaine impulsion et d’élargir nos possibilités dans le cadre de la gestion surtout commerciale. Le niveau de résultat obtenu de notre développement dépasse nos actuelles possibilités.
Dans le cadre du prix que nous avons reçu le 14 novembre (concours pour la meilleure entreprise sociale en Pologne pour l’année 2016) nous avons obtenu la garantie d’un audit dans le domaine du management et de l’organisation, qui sera réalisé par une firme internationale de consulting PwC ; nous espérons que nous saurons mettre à profit cette aide.

Nous avons hâte de rembourser le prêt. Alors tout ira bien.

A propos de cette action

 47580

Porteur de l'action

Zbigniew DRAZKOWSKI
Ela GUC


Localisation

Lublin, Poland

Commentaires

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