Cooperativa - formas alternativas de actividad empresarial
 Lublin, Poland

 

CONTEXTO DE LA INICIATIVA

La comunidad Emaús-Lublin (Polonia), desde su apertura en 1995, continúa con las actividades tradicionales de recogida y venta de objetos usados, pero desde hace algunos años busca nuevas fuentes de financiación.
La situación económica polaca hace que la calidad de los artículos sea mediocre y su número escaso. Como consecuencia, dependemos en cierta manera de las ayudas de los grupos Emaús de otros países de Europa occidental.
Desarrollar nuevas formas de financiación supone dar más posibilidades de autonomía a nuestro grupo y diversificar nuestros recursos financieros. Además, ofrecemos a nuestros compañeros la posibilidad de aprender y practicar oficios manuales según su interés y sus capacidades. Gracias a ello, algunos de ellos pueden encontrar trabajo y conseguir una vida personal autónoma.
Con este objetivo, se ha creado una Cooperativa en la que la mayoría de los miembros son compañeros. Esta Cooperativa opera en el sector del mobiliario urbano y de la gastronomía.

ACTIVIDADES LLEVADAS A CABO EN EL MARCO DE LA INICIATIVA

Durante los años 2000-2010, periodo de preparación, de experimentación y de creación de talleres, buscábamos la posibilidad de llevar a cabo otras formas de desarrollo. Creamos talleres de artesanía como por ejemplo carpintería, herrería-soldadura, vulcanización de caucho, tapicería, reparación de bicicletas, moldeo de hormigón. Hemos tenido que cerrar algunos de estos talleres.

En 2010, creamos una Cooperativa Social en la que la mayoría de los miembros son compañeros. El objetivo de la Cooperativa consiste en llevar a cabo actividades empresariales en la producción y los servicios.

Desde 2010 venimos diversificando nuestra producción: fabricamos mobiliario urbano como bancos en los parques, mesas de hormigón, taburetes, papeleras, paneles informativos o marquesinas para paradas de autobús, entre otros.

En 2016, abrimos un restaurante pequeño donde hacemos pizzas italianas y kebabs turcos; ofrecemos ensaladas, bebidas y otros productos.

¿QUIÉN ESTÁ IMPLICADO EN NUESTRO GRUPO?

. 12 compañeros de los que 8 con contrato de media jornada y 4 están en prácticas;
. 4 colaboradores externos en la pizzeria
. 3 personas responsables de la gestión, con contrato de media jornada

Las informaciones anteriores se aplican únicamente a la cooperativa social. La entidad jurídica principal, responsable de gestionar la comunidad, así como de la recogida y venta de objetos de segunda mano, es la asociación Emaús Lublin, con una plantilla diferente.

¿CON QUÉ COLABORADORES SE LLEVA A CABO LA INICIATIVA?

El proyecto de creación de una cooperativa es un proyecto común de la Asociación Emaús Lublin y la Fundación Między Nami (‘Entre Nosotros’). La asociación es responsable de la comunidad, de la recogida y venta de objetos de segunda mano. La fundación brinda a los compañeros ayuda especializada (social, terapéutica, psicológica y psiquiátrica).

Colaboramos con la oficina de empleo y también con otras organizaciones no gubernamentales que se encargan de la reinserción profesional de personas excluidas.
Colaboramos también con empresas comerciales para el reparto de material, pedidos de servicios más especializados (por ejemplo el recorte digital, la galvanización, etc…).
Un cocinero italiano famoso en Polonia nos ayudó a abrir el restaurante y sigue apoyándonos en la actualidad; para la cocina turca, otro cocinero nos ayudó.
Nuestros clientes son asociaciones locales, centros de acogida, empresas comerciales y particulares.

Las etapas de la apertura del restaurante:

. Mayo 2015 – la idea y la discusión en los diferentes grupos: análisis de la viabilidad (financiera, humana, rentabilidad de la inversión, etc…). En julio, reunión general con los compañeros, el consejo de administración, los empleados – el voto secreto de todos. Resultado: a pesar de los recelos, ¡100% de votos a favor!
. El alquiler del local, la realización de los documentos técnicos, tecnológicos, sanitarios, etc…; con el fin de tener todos los permisos necesarios (¡muchísimos!)
. La recaudación de los medios financieros:
Autofinanciación (alrededor de 10 000 euros)
Préstamos: hemos suscrito dos contratos – recibimos unos 8 000 € para la compra de materiales, pero a cambio prometimos contratar a dos personas durante al menos dos años.
. Adaptación del local - la realización de todas las obras del edificio por nuestros compañeros.
. El equipamiento del local: material y accesorios de cocina y mobiliario para el comedor del restaurante.
Hemos fabricado nosotros mismos (es decir, nuestros compañeros) el mobiliario y otros muchos objetos.
. La formación, la realización de las cartas del restaurante, la búsqueda de proveedores, etc…
. El proyecto y la realización del diseño de interior del restaurante (decoración, iluminación, exposición de objetos artísticos de personas con discapacidad, publicidad de nuestro proyecto asociativo local y de Emaús Internacional, etc…)
. Elaboración de soportes publicitarios, promoción del proyecto en los medios de comunicación: en los primeros meses ha habido varios reportajes televisados, de los que dos se emitieron en la televisión nacional polaca; varias entrevistas en la radio y también artículos de prensa.
. 12 de marzo de 2016 - apertura

. El 13 de mayo 2020 compramos un edificio, en el que fundamos la pizzería. La decisión se tomó en 2019, antes de la pandemia. Tomamos prestados unos 120 000 euros de un fondo especial para empresas sociales, casi sin intereses, y aportamos unos 40 000 euros de financiación propia (ingresos de la cooperativa). Sin embargo, la pandemia se convirtió en una fuente de estrés debido a la situación económica y social complicada.
A partir del otoño de 2020, la pizzería solo hace comida para llevar y nuestros ingresos no son inferiores con respecto a la época pre-Covid. ¡Es una verdadera sorpresa!
En febrero participamos en un concurso de la mejor pizzería, organizado por nuestro proveedor principal de materias primas y ganamos. Como premio recibimos productos gastronómicos útiles, incluida una bolsa térmica para pizzas.

En invierno hicimos algunas obras para adaptar el jardín de verano de la pizzería y poder recibir allí a los clientes unos meses más al año.

Información adicional importante: la parte residencial del edifico comprado, de unos 180 m2, está utilizado por los compañeros. Ocho personas viven en él actualmente, en muy buenas condiciones.

La ganadora !

El premio

Mobiliario urbano

Desde 2010 venimos diversificando nuestra producción: fabricamos mobiliario urbano como bancos en los parques, mesas de hormigón, taburetes, papeleras, paneles informativos o marquesinas para paradas de autobús, entre otros.

PERSPECTIVAS

. Somos conscientes (cada vez más) de que nuestro proyecto es ambicioso, pero hemos abierto perspectivas de desarrollo no solo económicas, si no también sociales gracias a nuestras actividades variadas y rentables. Nos hemos convertido en un actor esencial que tiene una influencia en el desarrollo de la economía social de nuestra región e incluso de nuestro país (por ejemplo, el 14 de noviembre de 2016, recibimos el 2º premio del concurso nacional 2016 a la mejor empresa de economía social)
. En lo que respecta a nuestros ingresos (comerciales), tenemos la posibilidad de aumentarlos y obtener más.
. Tenemos la suerte de que las asociaciones con las que colaboramos, que son hoy nuestros principales clientes, comprenden la economía social y reconocen la calidad de nuestros productos.
. El desarrollo posible de la realización de nuestra misión y solidaridad: desarrollar una mayor capacidad de ayuda a personas en situación de pobreza y a otros grupos para los que la miseria es intolerable y que intentan que nuestro mundo sea más justo.

COMPARTIR LOS AVANCES Y LOS LOGROS OBTENIDOS CON LA INICIATIVA

. Hemos conseguido crear una verdadera empresa comercial, que funciona exclusivamente apoyándose en la actividad empresarial.
De momento, no hemos tenido beneficios importantes, pero seguimos siendo competitivos.
. Hemos creado un lugar de trabajo, que permite a los compañeros desarrollar cualificaciones y una práctica profesional, en diferentes oficios (carpintero, soldador, albañil, empleado de la restauración – y periódicamente también por ejemplo enlosador, pintor, trabajador del acabado de edificios);
. Gracias a estos proyectos, podemos realizar por nosotros mismos trabajos de construcción y de restauración en nuestros locales – lo cual nos permite desarrollar y mejorar las condiciones de trabajo y la vida cotidiana, y también es importante desde el punto de vista del desarrollo personal de los compañeros, que sienten que sus condiciones de vida y trabajo mejoran gracias a ellos mismos.
. Nos hemos dado la posibilidad de continuar el desarrollo económico y social de nuestra comunidad.

¿ALGO QUE AÑADIR SOBRE LA INICIATIVA?

La realización de nuestros proyectos ha suscitado:
. La ampliación y la dinámica de posibilidades de colaboración con asociaciones (sector de actividades profesionales y de inversión local)
. El inicio de la colaboración con empresas privadas, la participación en el mercado de trabajo.
. La colaboración con otras organizaciones no gubernamentales, que tienen una gran influencia en el desarrollo de la economía social en Polonia.

¿CUÁLES SON NUESTRAS PERSPECTIVAS?

Necesitamos sobre todo un cierto impulso y aumentar nuestras posibilidades en el marco de la gestión, sobre todo comercial. El nivel del resultado obtenido de nuestro desarrollo sobrepasa nuestras posibilidades actuales.
En el marco del premio que recibimos el 14 de noviembre (concurso por la mejor empresa social en Polonia en el año 2016) obtuvimos la garantía de una auditoría en el ámbito de la gestión y la organización, que lo realizará una consultora internacional (PwC); esperamos saber sacar provecho de esta ayuda.

Estamos deseando poder devolver el préstamo. Una vez que lo hayamos hecho, todo irá bien.

Saber de esta iniciativa

 47154

RESPONSABLES DE LA INICIATIVA

Zbigniew DRAZKOWSKI
Ela GUC


UIÓN

Lublin, Poland

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